Nursing Diagnosis for Pharyngitis

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Pharyngitis is a medical term used to describe inflammation of the pharynx, which is the part of the throat located behind the mouth and nasal cavity. This condition is typically caused by a viral or bacterial infection, and it is a common illness that affects people of all ages.

Causes of Pharyngitis:

  • The most common cause of pharyngitis is a viral infection, which can be caused by the common cold, flu, or other respiratory viruses.
  • Bacterial infections, such as streptococcal infections, can also cause pharyngitis.
  • Other causes of pharyngitis include allergies, irritants, and reflux of stomach acid into the throat.

Symptoms of Pharyngitis:

  • Sore throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Headache, fatigue, and body aches (in some cases)
  • Rash or stomach pain (in some cases)
nursing diagnosis for pharyngitis
Nursing Diagnosis for Pharyngitis 1

Nursing Diagnosis for Pharyngitis

Based on the assessment data, the major nursing diagnoses are:

  • Ineffective breathing pattern related to the inflammatory process in the respiratory tract.
  • Ineffective airway clearance is related to mechanical obstruction of the airway secretions and increased production of secretions.
  • Anxiety related to the disease experienced by the child.

Nursing Care Plan for Pharyngitis


  • Obtain a thorough health history, including any current medications or allergies
  • Assess the patient's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, and blood pressure
  • Evaluate the patient's level of pain, discomfort, and ability to swallow
  • Assess the patient's fluid balance and hydration status
  • Evaluate the patient's respiratory status and airway clearance
  • Assess for any signs of complications, such as fever or difficulty breathing

Nursing Interventions

Comfort Measures

  • Administer prescribed pain medication as directed
  • Encourage the patient to rest and provide a quiet, comfortable environment
  • Offer cool, non-irritating fluids and foods to soothe the throat
  • Provide warm, moist compresses to the neck
  • Provide education on self-care and management of pain

Hydration Management

  • Encourage increased fluid intake, including cool, non-irritating fluids
  • Monitor the patient's fluid balance and hydration status
  • Administer intravenous fluids as directed, if necessary
  • Provide education on the importance of adequate fluid intake

Infection Prevention

  • Educate the patient on proper hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette
  • Provide education on the importance of completing any prescribed antibiotics
  • Encourage the patient to cover coughs and sneezes
  • Monitor for signs of infection, such as fever or increased difficulty breathing

Airway Clearance

  • Encourage deep breathing and coughing exercises
  • Administer prescribed bronchodilators or other respiratory treatments as directed
  • Assist with suctioning as needed
  • Monitor for signs of respiratory distress

Anxiety Management

  • Provide emotional support and reassurance
  • Encourage the patient to express concerns and fears
  • Provide education on the illness and its management
  • Offer relaxation techniques, such as guided imagery and deep breathing exercises


  • Assess the patient's response to nursing interventions
  • Evaluate the patient's level of pain, discomfort, and ability to swallow
  • Monitor the patient's fluid balance and hydration status
  • Evaluate the patient's respiratory status and airway clearance
  • Assess for any signs of complications or infection
  • Evaluate the patient's anxiety level and coping mechanisms
graph TD A[Pharyngitis] -- Causes --> B((Viral Infection)) A -- Causes --> C((Bacterial Infection)) A -- Causes --> D((Allergies, Irritants, Reflux)) A -- Symptoms --> E[Sore throat, Difficulty swallowing, Fever, Swollen lymph nodes, Headache, Fatigue, Body aches, Rash, Stomach pain] A -- Nursing Diagnosis --> F(Ineffective breathing pattern, Ineffective airway clearance, Anxiety) A -- Nursing Care Plan --> G(Assessment) G -- Obtain health history, vital signs, pain evaluation, fluid balance, respiratory status, complications --> H[Nursing Interventions] H -- Comfort Measures, Hydration Management, Infection Prevention, Airway Clearance, Anxiety Management --> I[Evaluation] I -- Assess response to nursing interventions, pain and swallowing ability, fluid balance, respiratory status, complications, anxiety level and coping mechanisms --> A

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