Nursing Diagnosis of Leprosy

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Introduction to Leprosy

Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent permanent disability and disfigurement. In this article, we will discuss the nursing diagnosis of leprosy and the role of nurses in its management.

What is Leprosy?

  • Leprosy is a slow-growing bacterial infection that primarily affects the skin and peripheral nerves
  • Caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae, primarily transmitted from person to person through respiratory droplets
  • Incubation period can range from several months to several years
  • Common symptoms include skin lesions, nerve damage, and muscle weakness
Nursing Diagnosis of Leprosy

Nursing Diagnosis of Leprosy

  • Nursing diagnosis is the process of identifying a patient's actual or potential health problems
  • Based on a comprehensive assessment of their physiological, psychological, and social status
  • Nursing diagnosis is an important aspect of the nursing process, as it helps to guide the development of an individualized care plan
  • Common nursing diagnosis related to leprosy include:
    • Impaired skin integrity
    • Risk for infection
    • Chronic pain
    • Body image disturbance
    • Social isolation

Assessment of Nursing Diagnosis

  • Assessment is a critical component of nursing diagnosis
  • Provides the basis for identifying the patient's actual or potential health problems
  • Assessment of a patient with leprosy should include:
    • Thorough physical examination
    • Psychological and social assessment
    • Laboratory tests and imaging studies
  • Physical examination should focus on:
    • Skin lesions
    • Peripheral nerve involvement
    • Muscle weakness
  • Psychological and social assessment should assess:
    • Emotional and social support system
    • Level of disability

Interventions for Nursing Diagnosis

  • Interventions are the actions taken to address the identified nursing diagnoses
  • Interventions for nursing diagnoses related to leprosy may include:
    • Interventions for impaired skin integrity:
      • Wound care and skin protection
      • Nutritional support
    • Interventions for risk for infection:
      • Antibiotic therapy
      • Hand hygiene and personal protective equipment
    • Interventions for chronic pain:
      • Pain management techniques
      • Physical therapy
    • Interventions for body image disturbance and social isolation:
      • Psychosocial support
      • Support groups and counseling


  • Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that can lead to permanent disability and disfigurement if left untreated
  • Nursing diagnosis plays a critical role in the management of leprosy
  • Identification of actual or potential health problems and development of an individualized care plan
  • Assessment should include thorough physical examination, psychological and social assessment, and laboratory tests and imaging studies
  • Interventions may include wound care, antibiotic therapy, pain management, and psychosocial support.


  1. World Health Organization. (2021).

I'm Deepak, an experienced nursing professional with a Master's degree in Medical Surgical Nursing. As the founder of, I aim to share my knowledge and expertise in nursing by providing valuable insights and updates on the latest developments in the field. Stay informed and learn about new techniques and treatments through my blog.

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