50 Nursing Key Points : Fundamental Of Nursing 2

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Here is a comprehensive collection of nursing key points and concepts to keep in mind before any competitive test. Short sentences and a straight-to-the-point arrangement are used to group key points into subject categories. Nursing Key Points for fundamental of nursing 2

Nursing Key Points

  1. Before completing an informed consent form, the patient should know whether other treatment choices are available and comprehend what will happen throughout the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases, as well as the risks and potential problems. The patient should also get an estimate of how long it will take from surgery to recuperation. He should also have the opportunity to ask questions.
  2. Each operation requires a patient to complete a separate informed consent form.
  3. To make noises during percussion, the nurse utilises fast, sharp tapping of the fingers or palms against body surfaces. This approach is used to identify the size, shape, location, and density of the underlying organs and tissues, as well as to elicit discomfort and measure reflexes.
  4. Before completing an informed consent form, the patient should know whether other treatment choices are available and comprehend what will happen throughout the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases, as well as the risks and potential problems. The patient should also get an estimate of how long it will take from surgery to recuperation. He should also have the opportunity to ask questions.
  5. Each operation requires a patient to complete a separate informed consent form.
  6. To make noises during percussion, the nurse utilises fast, sharp tapping of the fingers or palms against body surfaces. This approach is used to identify the size, shape, location, and density of the underlying organs and tissues, as well as to elicit discomfort and measure reflexes.
  7. The nurse examines the patient’s reaction to therapy during the assessment stage of the nursing process.
  8. Bruises are frequently indicative of potentially fatal vascular disease.
  9. O.U. stands for each eye. O.D. refers to the right eye, and O.S. refers to the left eye.
  10. The nurse depresses the lower lid to remove a patient’s artificial eye.
  11. To clean an artificial eye, the nurse should use a warm saline solution.
  12. A thready pulse is extremely tiny and almost imperceptible.
  13. Axillary temperature is generally one degree Fahrenheit lower than mouth temperature.
  14. The nurse must document the colour, volume, consistency, and odour of secretions after suctioning a tracheostomy tube.
  15. The acronym p.c. on a medicine prescription indicates that the medication should be taken after meals.
  16. The nurse should document the volume, colour, and purity of the urine, as well as the presence of clots or sediment, following bladder irrigation.
  17. The nurse should document the volume, colour, and purity of the urine, as well as the presence of clots or sediment, following bladder irrigation.
  18. The laws governing patient autonomy differ from state to state. As a result, the nurse must be acquainted with the legislation of the state in which she works.
  19. The interior diameter of a needle is measured in gauge; the lower the gauge, the greater the diameter.
  20. A typical adult has 32 permanent teeth.
  21. The basilic and median cubital veins in the antecubital region are the most convenient veins for venipuncture in adults.
  22. The nurse should aspirate the patient’s stomach contents two to three hours before starting tube feeding to ensure that gastric emptying is adequate.
  23. People who have blood type O are termed universal donors.
  24. People with blood type AB are universal receivers.
  25. Hertz (Hz) is the unit of measurement of sound frequency.
  26. When the sound intensity surpasses 84 decibels, hearing protection is necessary. If the noise level surpasses 104 decibels, double hearing protection is necessary.
  27. The liver produces prothrombin, a clotting factor.
  28. If a patient is menstruation at the time a urine sample is taken, the nurse should make a note of it on the laboratory request.
  29. The nurse must record the initial intracranial pressure and the colour of the cerebrospinal fluid during lumbar puncture.
  30. If a patient is unable to cough up a sputum sample for culture, a heated aerosol therapy can be administered to assist in obtaining a sample.
  31. If you have to put eye ointment and eyedrops in the same eye, put the eyedrops in first.
  32. When exiting an isolation room, the nurse should remove her gloves first, followed by her mask, because the mask contains less viruses.
  33. The most effective kind of traction is skeletal traction, which is administered to a bone via wire pins or tongs.
  34. The whole parenteral feeding solution should be kept in the refrigerator for 30 to 60 minutes before use. The administration of a chilly fluid can result in discomfort, hypothermia, venous spasm, and venous constriction.
  35. Because drugs may not be absorbed, they are not regularly administered intramuscularly into edematous tissue.
  36. When caring for a comatose patient, the nurse should explain each action in a natural voice to the patient.
  37. Dentures should be washed in a sink with a washcloth liner.
  38. A patient should be able to urinate within 8 hours of operation.
  39. An EEG can distinguish between normal and abnormal brain waves.
  40. Samples of faeces for ova and parasite testing should be provided to the laboratory without delay and without refrigeration.
  41. The cardiovascular and respiratory systems are regulated by the autonomic nervous system.
  42. The nurse should carefully place the catheter into the tracheostomy tube when conducting tracheostomy treatment. The nurse should employ a small twisting action and intermittent suction for no more than 15 seconds when extracting the catheter.
  43. Roasted chicken, rice, and pasta are examples of low-residue meals.
  44. Rectal tubes should not be implanted for more than 20 minutes since they might irritate the rectal mucosa and cause sphincter control to be lost.
  45. A bed bath should be performed in the following order: face, neck, arms, hands, chest, tummy, back, legs, and perineum.
  46. When lifting and transferring a patient, the nurse should primarily use the upper leg muscles to avoid harm.
  47. In order to prepare for cholecystography, patients must consume a contrast medium and a low-fat evening meal.
  48. When changing an occupied bed, the patient should be covered with a bath blanket to enhance warmth and prevent exposure.
  49. Anticipatory sorrow is prolonged sadness that happens when the patient recognises that death is unavoidable.
  50. Beets (red), cocoa (dark red or brown), licorice (black), spinach (green), and beef protein can all change the colour of your faces (dark brown).

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