Nursing Key Points : Fundamental Of Nursing 1

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Here is a comprehensive collection of nursing key points and concepts to keep in mind before any competitive test. Short sentences and a straight-to-the-point arrangement are used to group key points into subject categories. Nursing Key Points for fundamental of nursing 1

Nursing Key Points

  1. The nursing process implementation step includes observing the patient's reaction to the nursing plan, carrying it out, assigning particular nursing interventions, and coordinating the patient's activities.
  2. The Patient's Bill of Rights provides patients with direction and safety by outlining the hospital and its employees' duties toward patients and their families during hospitalization.
  3. The nurse should start recording information as soon as it is collected to reduce omissions and factual distortions.
  4. The nurse should record the current illness in the patient's health history chronologically, starting with the commencement of the issue and continuing to the present.
  5. The nurse should record the current illness in the patient's health history chronologically, starting with the commencement of the issue and continuing to the present.
  6. A patient shouldn't receive a false promise from a nurse.
  7. A patient is not competent to sign an informed consent form after receiving preoperative medicine.
  8. A nurse lifts a patient using her body weight rather than her arm power.
  9. A nurse may add to a doctor's prescription of an operation or treatment for a patient, but she/he must be consulted with informed consent concerns.
  10. The nurse should only ask required questions when gathering the patient's health history from an agitated or seriously unwell patient.
  11. The nurse needs to clamp the tube quickly if a line leading to the chest drainage system is damaged or stopped.
  12. The thumb has a pulse that might be mistaken for the patient's pulse; thus, the nurse shouldn't use it to assess the patient's pulse rate.
  13. One respiration consists of both an inspiration and an expiration.
  14. Normal respiration is eupnea.
  15. The patient should lean their arm against anything solid while having their blood pressure taken. The blood pressure may increase if you have to use muscle strength to hold up your arm.
  16. Hereditary, sex, racial, and age characteristics are significant, unchangeable risk factors for coronary artery disease.
  17. The most common assessment method is inspection.
  18. To create a cozy environment for an older person residing in a long-term care facility, family members should move some personal objects (such as pictures, a favorite chair, and trinkets) into the individual's room.
  19. A regular pulse rhythm is known as pulse alternans alternates between weak and powerful pulses. Because the stroke volume changes with each pulse, it happens in ventricular enlargement.
  20. The upper respiratory tract contributes to taste, smell, and chew, as well as warming and humidifying inspired air.
  21. Shoulder elevation, intercostal muscular retraction, and usage of the scalene and sternocleidomastoid muscles during breathing are all indications of auxiliary muscle activity.
  22. Patients should put most of their weight when using axillary crutches on their palms.
  23. Eating, bathing, clothing, grooming, restroom use, and engaging in social interactions are all everyday activities.
  24. The patient's foot remains on the ground during the stance phase of normal gait, and then the patient's foot swings forward during the swing phase.
  25. Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase are the stages of mitosis.
  26. The nurse should adhere to established precautions when providing normal care to every patient.
  27. The nurse should listen for heart murmurs and venous hums using the stethoscope's bell.
  28. By posing inquiries like, "Who is the president of the United States?" the nurse can gauge a patient's general knowledge."
  29. For the first 20 to 48 hours following an accident, cold packs are used; beyond that, heat is used. To avoid reflex dilation (also known as the rebound phenomenon) and frostbite damage, the cold pack is placed for 20 minutes and then withdrawn for 10 to 15 minutes.
  30. The white matter (sensory and motor tracts) and grey matter that make up the pons, which is situated above the medulla (reflex centers).
  31. The smooth muscles are under the autonomic nervous system's control.
  32. In a properly articulated patient objective, the desired patient behavior, measurement standards, deadline for completion, and circumstances under which the behavior will occur are all expressed. It was created using the patient's input.
  33. Five fundamental sounds are produced by percussion: tympany (loud intensity, as over a stomach air bubble or puffed-out cheek), hyperresonance (extremely loud), resonance (loud, as over a normal lung), dullness (middle intensity, as over the liver or other solid organ), and flatness (soft, as heard over the thigh).
  34. The optic disc has a definite boundary and is round and pinkish-yellow in color.
  35. A pathologic process is what leads to the main impairment. Inactivity results in a secondary impairment.
  36. Nurses are frequently held accountable for failing to accurately record the number of sponges and other surgical instruments used.
  37. The finest food sources of vitamin B6 include whole-grain cereals, soybeans, corn, liver, kidney, and pig.
  38. Organ meats, nuts, legumes, dried fruit, green leafy vegetables, eggs, and whole grains are examples of foods high in iron that frequently have low water content.
  39. Collaboration occurs when nurses and doctors communicate and make decisions together. It addresses patients' demands by combining both professions' treatment plans into a single, all-encompassing strategy.
  40. Bradycardia is defined as a heart rate under 60 beats per minute.
  41. A nursing diagnosis describes a patient's real or probable health issue and how nursing actions may help to fix it, lessen it, or improve it in some other way.
  42. Three types of data are gathered and analyzed by the nurse during the evaluation phase of the nursing process: information from the physical examination, laboratory, and diagnostic test results.
  43. The majority of the patient's health history is made up of subjective information that they have provided.
  44. Objective information gathered by observation, palpation, percussion, and auscultation is part of the physical examination.
  45. The nurse should write legibly, stick to common acronyms, and sign each item while recording patient care. Never should a nurse attempt to erase or delete any record or leave blank spaces.
  46. The time of day, age, physical activity, stage of menstrual cycle, and pregnancy are all factors that impact body temperature.
  47. The radial artery is the easiest and most popular artery to utilize for determining a patient's pulse rate. The artery is squeezed up against the radius to take the pulse rate.
  48. The typical pulse rate for an adult at rest is between 60 and 100 beats per minute. The rate is substantially higher in children than in adults, and it is somewhat higher in women than in men.
  49. Results of laboratory tests provide an unbiased source of evaluation information.
  50. The metric system, apothecaries' system, and home system are the measuring systems that are most frequently employed in clinical practice.

I'm Deepak, an experienced nursing professional with a Master's degree in Medical Surgical Nursing. As the founder of, I aim to share my knowledge and expertise in nursing by providing valuable insights and updates on the latest developments in the field. Stay informed and learn about new techniques and treatments through my blog.

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