50 Nursing Key Points Fundamental Of Nursing V

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Here is a comprehensive collection of 50 Nursing Key Points Fundamental Of Nursing and concepts to keep in mind before any competitive exam. Short sentences and a straight-to-the-point arrangement are used to group key points into subject categories. 

Nursing Key Points Fundamental Of Nursing

Nursing Key Points Fundamental Of Nursing

  1. The step of the nursing process in which the nurse compares objective and subjective data with the outcome criteria and, if necessary, updates the nursing care plan is known as evaluation.
  2. The nurse should ask the patient to specify the area of the discomfort before delivering any “as required” pain medication.
  3. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that they should not receive donated blood components.
  4. The nurse should ask the patient to cover each eye independently and read the eye chart with and without spectacles, if appropriate, to evaluate visual acuity.
  5. To reduce the danger of aspiration when delivering oral care to an unconscious patient, the nurse should arrange the patient on the side.
  6. The patient should stand 20′ (6.1 m) away from the chart during the distance vision evaluation.
  7. The best room temperature for a geriatric or critically sick patient is 66° to 76° F (18.8° to 24.4° C).
  8. Normal room humidity ranges from 30% to 60%.
  9. Hand washing is the single most effective way to reduce the spread of germs. Hands should be cleansed for 10 to 15 seconds after removing gloves following routine interaction with a patient.
  10. To catheterize a lady, the nurse should put her in the dorsal recumbent posture.
  11. A positive Homan’s sign might mean you have thrombophlebitis.
  12. The concentration of electrolytes in a solution is measured in milliequivalents per litre (mEq/L). A milliequivalent is the number of milligrammes in a solution per 100 millilitres.
  13. Metabolism is divided into two stages: anabolism (the productive phase) and catabolism (the destructive phase) (the destructive phase).
  14. The quantity of energy required to sustain vital biological processes is referred to as the basal metabolic rate. When the patient is awake and resting, hasn’t eaten in 14 to 18 hours, and is in a pleasant, warm setting, it’s measured.
  15. The basal metabolic rate is measured in calories per hour per kilogramme of body weight.
  16. Dietary fibre (roughage), generated from cellulose, provides bulk, maintains intestinal motility, and aids in the establishment of regular bowel movements.
  17. The liver is the primary site of alcohol metabolism. The kidneys and lungs metabolise smaller quantities.
  18. Petechiae are small, round, purplish red patches on the skin and mucous membranes caused by intradermal or submucosal bleeding.
  19. Purpura is a purple skin discoloration induced by blood extravasation.
  20. The nurse should not recap needles after use, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s basic measures. The majority of needle sticking are caused by improper needle recapping.
  21. The nurse should document the volume, colour, and purity of the urine, as well as the presence of clots or sediment, following bladder irrigation.
  22. The nurse should document the volume, colour, and purity of the urine, as well as the presence of clots or sediment, following bladder irrigation.
  23. The laws governing patient autonomy differ from state to state. As a result, the nurse must be acquainted with the legislation of the state in which she works.
  24. The interior diameter of a needle is measured in gauge; the lower the gauge, the greater the diameter.
  25. A typical adult has 32 permanent teeth.
  26. To clean an artificial eye, the nurse should use a warm saline solution.
  27. A thready pulse is extremely tiny and almost imperceptible.
  28. Axillary temperature is generally one degree Fahrenheit lower than mouth temperature.
  29. The nurse must document the colour, volume, consistency, and odour of secretions after suctioning a tracheostomy tube.
  30. The acronym p.c. on a medicine prescription indicates that the medication should be taken after meals.
  31. A nursing diagnosis is a description of a patient’s current or probable health concern that may be addressed, reduced, or altered by nursing actions.
  32. The nurse gathers and analyses three types of data during the assessment phase of the nursing process: health history, physical examination, and laboratory and diagnostic test results.
  33. The patient’s health history is mostly made up of subjective data, information provided by the patient.
  34. The objective data gained by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation are included in the physical examination.
  35. The nurse should write legibly, use only standard abbreviations, and sign each entry when recording patient care. Never erase or attempt to eliminate documents, or leave blank lines.
  36. Time of day, age, physical activity, menstrual cycle phase, and pregnancy are all factors that influence body temperature.
  37. The radial artery is the most accessible and widely utilised artery for assessing a patient’s pulse rate. The artery is squeezed against the radius to get the pulse rate.
  38. The usual pulse rate in a resting adult is 60 to 100 beats per minute. Women have a somewhat quicker pace than males, while toddlers have a significantly higher rate than adults.
  39. Laboratory test results are an objective type of evaluation data.
  40. The most prevalent measuring systems in clinical practise are the metric system, the apothecaries’ system, and the home system.
  41. Before completing an informed consent form, the patient should know whether other treatment choices are available and comprehend what will happen throughout the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases, as well as the risks and potential problems. The patient should also get an estimate of how long it will take from surgery to recuperation. He should also have the opportunity to ask questions.
  42. Each operation requires a patient to complete a separate informed consent form.
  43. To make noises during percussion, the nurse utilises fast, sharp tapping of the fingers or palms against body surfaces. This approach is used to identify the size, shape, location, and density of the underlying organs and tissues, as well as to elicit discomfort and measure reflexes.
  44. Ballottement is a type of mild palpation that involves gently bouncing tissues against the hand and feeling their rebound.
  45. A foot cradle keeps bed linen off the patient’s feet, preventing skin irritation and breakdown, which is especially important in patients with peripheral vascular disease or neuropathy.
  46. Gastric lavage is the evacuation of ingested items from the stomach using a nasogastric tube. It is employed in the treatment of poisoning or drug overdose.
  47. The nurse examines the patient’s reaction to therapy during the assessment stage of the nursing process.
  48. Bruises are frequently indicative of potentially fatal vascular disease.
  49. O.U. stands for each eye. O.D. refers to the right eye, and O.S. refers to the left eye.
  50. The nurse depresses the lower lid to remove a patient’s prosthetic eye.

FAQ

What are fundamental of nursing?

Fundamentals of Nursing educates nursing students to the nursing process, communication between nurse and patient, cultural diversity, functional health patterns, and the overarching framework of nursing profession.

What are the four fundamentals of nursing?

A nurse’s four fundamental responsibilities are: To promote health, To prevent sickness, To restore health, and To alleviate suffering.

What are the five elements of nursing?

With five sequential phases, the nursing process serves as a methodical guide to client-centered care. These are evaluation, assessment, diagnosis, planning, and implementation.

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